Kyrgyzstan History

Introduction. Talking about tours in Kyrgyzstan it is necessary to rent a car and get to know history of Kyrgyzstan and as introduction we present you the following information. History in Kyrgyzstan is known to be rich and interesting and from this point of view we would like to pay our attention to nomadic history. People of Kyrgyzstan used to be nomads. And still wandering about pastures, meadows in the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan you still have an opportunity to meet nomads who are glad to welcome you to their dwelling. Long time ago nomad tribes didn't built towns, cities and buildings as they were eager to save nature. People of Kyrgyzstan are known to transmit information orally in their past as they didn't have written records. Moreover we want to note that history of Kyrgyzstan and people of the country estimates about 2000 years old. First information we get from the Chinese notes and the first mentioning is found in 201 BC. For you it is highly recommended to get to know the history of the country you are visiting and that is why we divided 8 historical periods:

Prehistory (1 million years ago - 1 000 BC). The first meaningful period is prehistory, of 1 million years ago - 1 000 BC. It is the time of development of art and culture of Kyrgyz people. During tours in Kyrgyzstan you are free to visit Rock Art Gallery in Cholpon Ata and witness testimonies of the Bronze Age. This place used to be of great significance for people as it is connected with celebrations of various seasonal, spiritual events. Right here on the walls you have an opportunity to see images of animals: goats, bulls, horses, deer, camels, dogs depicted. Along with it, people depicted spiritual events, everyday activities, hunting, labyrinths.

Ancient History (1 000 BC - 300 AD). Then goes the ancient history of 1 000 BC - 300 AD that identifies existence of people of Kyrgyzstan for a great amount of time. First records are found in Chinese notes made by historian Sima Tan in 201 BC. In "Historical notes" he managed to describe people of Kyrgyzstan as one of other five tribes who were conquered by the Hunnu. Other mentioning is oriented to other Chinese notes by historian Ban Gu. In the 1st century BC were found chronicle Han-shu (History of Han). In these chronicles we find the description of the state of people of Kyrgyzstan. It is said that the state was somewhere at the territory of modern Eastern Turkestan.

Turkic Era (500-1200). Turkic Era estimates 500-1200 and is known as the period of migrating of people to the present territory in Central Asia from the Altai Mountains. All migrating tribes were speaking Turkic language and they established the state of Turkic dynasties and established the period of 6-13th centuries of the Turkic Era. There have not been any records about Kyrgyz people for first six months. But in the 7th century people of modern Kyrgyzstan created the Kyrgyz Kaganate. It was based on the river Yenisei in South Siberia. This is also a period known for ruling power of Barsbek ajo. The empire of Yenisei Kyrgyz developed and found territories of the river Irtysh in the west up to the Big Khingan range in the east from the Angara and Selenga Rivers in the north to the Gobi Desert in the south.

During tours in Kyrgyzstan cars for rent the Russian and Soviet historian Barthold investigated these territories and history of these places. He identified this period as Great Kyrgyz Empire.

The Mongol Rule (1200-1400). The period of 1200-1400 is known as the Mongol Rule and identifies the 13th century as the time of great tragedies and sufferings. Central Asia and Kyrgyzstan were taken by the Mongol invasion. The one who ruled was Genghis Khan. He destroyed everything that developed during the Turkic Era. As history concerns, ruling of him continued for some hundred years as Yenisei Kyrgyz went under him. Then the development of religion started among people. And in the 12-15th centuries people of modern Kyrgyzstan started to adopt Islam as religion of Persian, Arab, and Turkic people of war. For now it is still possible, as in the 19th century, to meet shamans during tours in Kyrgyzstan. And adoption of Islam took a very long period.

Kyrgyz consolidation (1400-1800). The process of Kyrgyz Consolidation was during the period of 1400-1800. It is well known that since 15th century we can see in the history that Kyrgyz people were in the process of migration from South Siberia to the territory of modern Kyrgyzstan. And it led to the following: in 15-19th centuries there had not been statehood. There were tries of various leaders to unite members of all tribes into the only one. But it failed and in the result they had ethno-political system of two wings and center - tribal system.

Russian Colonization (1770-1917). The period of 1770-1917 is known as Russian Colonization when Kyrgyzstan was the member of the Russian Empire. For this purpose there was sent a man to the Russian Empire with an aim to ask for protection from outer states and inner dangers. Threats were going from China, Kokand and Kazakhs, some Kyrgyz tribes. The result was that the north of Kyrgyzstan was successfully and peacefully taken under powers of the Russian Empire but the south of Kyrgyzstan was extremely against that and they were forced. The annexation to the Russian Empire revealed the development of agriculture.

Soviet Rule (1917-1991). The period of the Soviet Rule takes the period of 1917-1991. It is described as the Bolsheviks coming in 1917, conquering the Russian Empire and opening new views to citizens of Kyrgyzstan. The soviet rule turned out to be a development in spheres of political, economic and cultural life, education, music, theater, cinema, painting, art. When the soviet rule got powers, Kyrgyzstan of modern period became an autonomous region and then an autonomous republic and a union republic. Though there had been difficulties and faith was completely prohibited. Murders of innocent people happened in the result of Atheization, Collectivization and Cultural Revolution.

Independent Kyrgyzstan (since 1991). Kyrgyzstan became independent in 1991. Soviet Union fell and revealed the beginning of the new age. As any independent state, Kyrgyzstan got its national flag, emblem and anthem. 1992 - The year of Kyrgyzstan becoming the member of UN. 1993 - The year of Kyrgyzstan adopting Constitution.

But independency brought sad events as well; there started the development of unemployment, economic and political decline, and crisis. Instability was in great development in Kyrgyzstan that led to revolutions of 2005 and 2010. These revolutions were aimed at overthrowing of presidents and parliaments. In 2010 republic changed from presidential to parliamentary. In 2017 first successful transition of presidents took place. During revolutions it was dangerous to wander about streets. But now it is safe and peaceful in Kyrgyzstan. As it is safe it is possible to make tours in Kyrgyzstan rent car service and travel all interesting sites of the country.

During your tour in Kyrgyzstan you will surely get great impressions that will make you to return here again. Contact our managers or find more information about Kyrgyzstan on our website. Tours in Kyrgyzstan are held along interesting sites of historical meaning. Being here you will always be helped by our company along with local citizens and nomads.